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How To Check And Add Motor Oil


Perhaps the simplest, most important auto maintenance tasks you will perform is making sure there is the proper amount of motor oil in your car. Motor oil cools and cleans the engine; it also reduces friction and keeps your car running smoothly. If your car?s engine happens to be running low on oil, there is a possibility that permanent damage can be done to the engine. That is why it is recommended that you check your motor oil every three months or 3000 miles and to get an oil change every six months or 6000 miles.

How to Check Motor Oil
It is best to check the oil if the car has been driven around a little bit, so if the car has been sitting around drive it around the block and park it in the driveway.. Open the hood and find the dipstick.

? Pull out the dipstick and clean the oil off of it with a clean rag. The upper notch with the ?F? signifies the full line. The lower notch with the ?L? denotes the low line.
? Insert the dipstick all the way back in and then pull it out again.
? Look carefully at the end of the dipstick. You will see a sheen of oil there. If the upper end of the oil is about half way between the full and low markers, then the oil is fine. Should it be closer to the low, you will have to add oil.
? Replace the dipstick and close the hood.

How to Add Motor Oil
If your car needs motor oil, you can add it yourself to get through or bring the car to a lube station. Motor oil comes in a few different viscosities, or thicknesses. The most common motor oils, in order of increasing viscosity, are 5W-30, 10W-30, and 10W-40. If you want to add the oil yourself, make sure to buy the correct type, such information can be found in your owner?s manual.

? Find the oil-filling hole, which is covered by a three-inch cap on the top of the engine. The cap is usually near the dipstick. If you can?t find it, consult your owner?s manual.
? Remove the cap and insert a funnel. Then, pour 1/4 to 1/2 quart of oil through the funnel.
? Replace the cap over the oil-filling hole.
? Recheck the oil level with the dipstick. Add more if you are still low, but be very careful not to add too much oil. Overfilling the oil can cause engine trouble.

How to Change Motor Oil
Changing your oil is quite different from checking your oil to see if it?s low or refilling the oil if it?s low. Whereas checking and refilling oil are tasks anyone can do, changing the oil requires that you drain the oil from the engine and replacing it with fresh oil and a new filter; a much more tedious task.

Unless you have had prior experience, you should have a professional change your oil. Several auto maintenance chains, such as Jiffy Lube, focus on changing oil and other engine fluids. Using Jiffy Lube or a local service station you trust is the best way to make sure you change your oil the right way every time.

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